Submissions From The Bottom (Guard Position)

The MMA Guard Position on the bottom is not really where you want to be. It’s advantageous to be on the top, of course. However, if you have to be on the bottom, it’s the best place to be, especially for submissions. The bottom position in the Guard offers a plethora of submission options. Here are a the most common submission holds from the Guard.

Arm Bar

Arm Bar Submission from Bottom Guard Position

The Arm Bar is an elbow lock. The goal is to hyper extend the elbow enough to get the tap. First, get control of an arm with one arm above his elbow. If the right arm, use your right arm and pull it tight against your body. Put your foot on the same side hip, put your other hand on the side of his face. Push his face and push off of his hip rotating your body to the side and wedging your leg into his armpit. Now throw your leg over his head to get into the Arm Bar position. Control his arm with both arms and pin it to your chest. Squeeze your knees together, lift your hips off the ground and arch to apply the submission.

     

Arm Bar with Leg Hook

Arm Bar with Leg Hook Submission from the Bottom Guard Position  

This variation of the arm bar prevents you from being lifted off the ground and slammed it can also work as a sweep and can set up other sweep variations.

     

Kimura

Kimura Submission from the Bottom Guard Position

The Kimura is a shoulder lock. There are many different terms for the Kimura including American Lock, Chicken Wing, Figure 4 and Key Lock. First grip your oponent’s wrist without using your thumb. Unlock your guard. Reach up and over his arm and grip your own wrist without using your thumb while you simultaneously move your hips out. Once you have a good Figure 4 grip, move your hips the other direction and throw your leg on top of his back, preventing him from rolling out of the lock. Push his wrist toward his head to attack the shoulder joint and apply the submission.

     

Kimura Variation

Kimura Variation from Bottom Guard Position  

In this variation of the Kimura your foot hooks his leg to prevent him from rolling out of the lock. Straighten your leg to flatten him out a little bit. This variation does not require you to move your hips as much.

     

Triangle

Triangle Submission from Bottom Guard Position

The Triangle is a choke done with the legs. There are several different ways to set up a triangle. Whichever setup is used, one arm and the head must be between the legs and the other arm outside of the legs. Once you’ve accomplished this, the goal is to lock the triangle. Lift your hips as high as possible off the mat and pivot to get a side angle. Grab your own ankle with your hand and throw your other leg over to lock the triangle with your ankle in the crook of your other knee. Now that the triangle is locked, push his arm across his neck. Grab his head with both hands and pull down as you squeeze your legs to finish the choke.

     

Triangle Arm Bar

Triangle Arm Bar from Bottom Guard Position  

This variation of the Triangle includes an Arm Bar. When you lock the Triangle but cannot push his arm across his neck, attack his arm instead. Wrap your arm around his getting his arm stuck in your arm pit. Arch to put pressure on his elbow and get the tap.

     

Guillotine

Guillotine Submission from Bottom Guard Position

The Guillotine is a choke. Unlock your guard and put your feet on the mat. Post with one hand move your butt away from him and reach around his neck with the other hand all simultaneously. Get a good grip on your own wrist. Once you’ve got a good grip, lean back and open up your legs. Lock your guard high on his back (above his hips). Arch your body and squeeze your legs to apply the Guillotine choke.

     

Omoplata

Omoplata Submission from Bottom Guard Position

The Omoplata is a shoulder lock done with the legs. There are several different setups for the Omoplata but the goal is to get one of his arms between your legs with his elbow bent across your hips. Next you can lock your triangle to keep his arm from coming out. Now grab his hip to keep him from rolling out of the lock. Unlock your triangle, pivot your body and bring your leg all the way around with your knee bent behind you. Keep a hold on his hips, post with the other arm and sit up forcing your knee down toward the mat to apply the Omoplata submission.

     

Omoplata Variation

Omoplata Variation from Bottom Guard Position  

This variation of the Omoplata does not require that you grab his hips. Instead, you put your foot in his arm pit with your triangle locked to prevent him from rolling out of the position. Then put both hands on the mat and scoot your hips away from him. Straighten both of your legs to apply the Omoplata submission.

     

Arm Triangle

Arm Triangle Submission from Bottom Guard Position

The Arm Triangle is a choke done with your arms. To apply an Arm Triangle, you must have his head and one arm between your arms. Use your hips to pull him forward and get your arm around his neck and his arm on the side of your neck. Grab your own biceps/ triceps with your hand. Bend your elbow and wrap your arm around his head. Squeeze your arms to apply the submission. If it’s not working, hold on to the Arm Triangle position and sweep and mount him to apply the choke from the top position.

     

Gogoplata

Gogoplata Submission from Bottom Guard Position

The Gogoplata is a choke done with your shin across his neck. A good way to set it up is from the high guard or “rubber guard” position. With your guard locked up high on his shoulders, bring your leg over his head and across his neck. Reach up and grab his head with both hands. Pull his head down with both hands and force your shin upward on his neck to apply the Gogoplata choke.

     

Pillow Arm Bar

Pillow Arm Bar from Bottom Guard Position

The Pillow Arm Bar is a variation on an Arm Bar where you have your foot under his head like a pillow. A good way to set it up is in combination with other submissions. When you go for a standard Arm Bar, and he defends by pulling his arm out, you can switch to a Gogoplata if he defends by sitting up and going away from you, throw your leg over his head and switch to a Pillow Arm Bar. Arch and pull his arm toward your chest to apply the elbow lock submission.

     

Overhook Arm Bar

Overhook Arm Bar from Bottom Guard Position  

The Overhook Arm Bar is an elbow lock done with your arms. Pull him down into your guard and get an over hook. Put your other hand on his neck and grab your own wrist/ forearm. Put your feet on his hips and move your hips out away from him. Arch and crank your arms putting pressure on his elbow to apply the submission.

     

Overhook Kimura

Overhook Kimura from Bottom Guard Position  

The Overhoook Kimura is a shoulder lock submission very similar to the Overhook Arm Bar. The difference is that he bends his elbow. This sets you up to attack his shoulder instead. Set it up just like the Overhook Arm Bar but he bends his elbow. When he does, go with it and crank his elbow inward and bring his wrist outward to apply the shoulder lock submission.

     

Biceps Slicer

Biceps Slicer Submission from Bottom Guard Position

The Biceps Slicer is a muscle lock submission. To set it up, grip his wrist and put your leg over and under his biceps. Lock your triangle with the other leg. Put both hands around his triceps. Pull down with both hands and force your shin forward at the same time time to apply the lock. Be aware that he can punch from this position and you don’t have an arm free to defend with. If you can weather the punishment, this submission can finish the fight and has the potential of breaking his arm.